Ghana, renowned globally, was founded centuries ago by diverse tribes. The Koma terracotta, dating to 1200, reflects rich history. Over 50 languages and 49 tribes coexist, with early settlers in Bono, who expanded and defended their territory. Precolonial Ghana thrived with kings and chiefs, marked by excavations dating to the 5th century. Horse and camel rider Koma terracottas showcase their creativity 2,000 years before European arrival. Intertribal conflicts led to slavery among these groups. European arrival exploited this system, trading Africans to the New World.